Gun murders increase where gun stores open

When Illinois passed the law in 2014 Hidden carrying of firearms — Last in 50 states — Sam Rannochio Check Your 6, Inc. in Arlington Heights, a suburb of Chicago. Has opened.Store Selling pistols and rifles , And a hidden carry class is also available. “The two types are closely related,” says Rannochio.

Check Your 6 is one of the hundreds of gun dealers opened nationwide between 2010 and 2017, in a preprint survey published last month on the Social Science Research Network SSRN and not yet peer-reviewed. Mentioned. A 17-year survey of county-level data across the country found that when the number of gun dealers within 100 miles of a particular region increased. The number of shootings in the area has also increased Even if non-gun killings have declined overall over the next few years (see figure). The study found that the majority-black community was at the mercy of the violence.

The surge in gun violence seen in some black communities since 2014 is “ Ferguson effect .. ” this The term was coined The then chief of the St. Louis police, who claimed increased violent crime, was demoralized following a national protest in 2014 when police killed unarmed black teenager Michael Brown in Ferguson, a suburb of St. Louis. Caused by The authors of the study suggest that these increases are related to the surge in gun dealers specializing in handgun sales near the majority of black communities just before 2014.

Prior to 2010, “the number of gun dealers has dropped significantly,” said study co-author David Johnson. Economist at the University of Central Missouri .. “After three or four years, a decline in murders will begin to be seen, and when those gun dealers begin to re-enter the market, murders will soon return again.” Number of dealers before 2010 The reason for the decline is unknown, but the recovery in gun sales may have been caused by concerns about then-President Barack Obama enacting strict gun control policies. NS Journal of Public Economics ..

The availability of firearms is notorious for being difficult to measure, partly due to the lack of the Federal Register for firearms. Previous studies are usually Gun suicide record , Gun magazine subscriptions, and survey data to estimate the number of firearms available in a particular area. However, the authors of the new study claim that these metrics are inaccurate.

Instead, they used data on federal firearm licenses (which gun dealers need to obtain from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives) as an alternative to gun availability. Researchers tracked murders in all US counties by comparing this to FBI data and statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Census Bureau. Their analysis found that when gun dealers opened, murders in the 100-square-mile surrounding area increased by 3.9 percent over the next few years. Credits: Amanda Montañez; Source: “Gun Dealer Density and its Effect on Homicide” by David B. Johnson and Joshua J. Robinson. Preprint posted on October 2, 2021 […]

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