India will reach net zero emissions by 2070, says Modi

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India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at the opening ceremony of the COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow, Scotland, that the world’s third-largest emitter will eliminate pollution by 2070.

The country plans to increase its non-fossil fuel power capacity to 500 gigawatts by the end of 2010, raising its national target from 450 GW, he said. He said half of India’s electricity will come from renewable energy sources by 2030.

Modi also promised to raise India’s 2030 carbon strength target (measured as carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP) from 35% to 45%. We will also use renewable energy to produce half of our electricity and strive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from our operations by 1 billion tonnes as usual by 2030.

But Indian leaders repeated it Rich country We need to increase their contributions to help developing countries decarbonize. “The world is Developed country “We will make $ 1 trillion available for climate funding as soon as possible,” Modi said. “Justice will demand pressure on countries that are not defending their climate efforts.”

India’s new goal does not mean that its absolute emissions will decline by the end of the last decade.Even if the goal is achieved, it will still help eradicate the world global warming Compared to the current orbit.

One of COP26’s President Arokshama’s hopes for the Glasgow Summit is sufficient from countries to maintain the expansion goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels. It was to elicit a commitment.

Modi’s announcement is a victory because it is in line with what scientists agree to achieve that goal. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change plans that the world must reach net zero to prevent temperatures from rising above 1.5 degrees Celsius. Carbon dioxide emissions By the middle of the century, by 2070 all greenhouse gases had reached net zero.

“India’s promise is far more ambitious than the current NDC,” said Ulka Kelkar of the World Resources Institute India, referring to a promise under the Paris Agreement, known as a national decision contributor. “These will guide the country on the path of low-carbon development and give a strong signal to all sectors of industry and society.”

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